More homeowners are choosing to convert to solar power. If you have an interest in powering your home with a source of energy that is a lot better for the environment and much more cost-efficient, you should think about getting a solar power system installed.

Before making such a big decision, it is good to know more about this power source, including how it runs and the different benefits you can reap from it.

What Is Solar Power?

Solar power is a type of energy source that relies on natural sunlight to bring power to a home. The energy that comes directly from the sun is converted into electricity that homeowners can use when they want to turn on lights, watch television, or even charge their phones. A solar power system consists of several important components, including solar panels and inverters that help with converting sunlight to electricity.

What Are Solar Panels?

Solar Photovoltaic CellsSolar panels are specific panels that are commonly found on roofs of homes that rely on solar power. These panels play a significant role in the process of providing a home with solar power it needs to have electricity throughout each room. After they are installed on the roof of a home, the solar panels will continuously absorb light from the sun. The absorption of the sun’s light will help naturally create electricity without the use of any harmful, toxic gases and chemicals.

How Do Solar Panels Work?

Solar panels work in such a simple yet efficient way. When the sun shines, the panels are absorbing all the light that comes from it and using it as energy. The light helps to create a direct current that gets sent straight to the inverter. Once the inverter receives the direct current, it produces an alternating current that provides power to a home. It is because of the panels and other additional components that homeowners can keep the electricity running inside the home with ease.

What Are the Pros of Going Solar?

The advantages of going solar are tremendous. Homeowners are often looking for ways to save money on their energy bills. By going solar, they can reduce the amount of money spent on assorted energy bills each month. Investment and state tax credits and cash rebates are also available. These are a few of the pros that are associated with the use of a solar power system and the best solar panels available:

Low Monthly Bills

The cost of having power in the home will no longer cost you thousands of dollars each year. If you were once dreading electricity bills that were sent to the home, you will look forward to seeing the low cost of your monthly bills after you decide to switch to solar energy.


It is a lot better for the environment. Other energy sources are not as eco-friendly. When gases help to heat a home and provide power, those gases will often get released into the air, contributing to air pollution. By going solar, you can do your part in helping keep the air clean while preventing additional air pollution.


You can choose the type of system you want. Different types of solar energy systems are available. You can get information on the different options and choose to have the most suitable system installed on your property.

What Are the Cons of Going Solar?

While there are many advantages of going solar, there are a few cons that you should know about in advance. These are some of the cons associated with going solar:


The upfront fees for the solar power system. You may need to invest when having a solar power system installed. Not everyone is willing to spend thousands of dollars to go solar. Although the upfront fees are hefty, you will eventually earn back everything you have invested by saving on energy bills each month.

Space Required

The system can take up a lot of space. When you are limited on the amount of space you have, you might not like the idea of having a system that is going to take up space on your roof and in your backyard.

Although some cons do exist, you need to consider both the advantage and disadvantages before making a decision. You may feel that the good outweighs the bad when it comes to going solar.

What Do You Need to Consider When Going Solar?

Solar Panels on RoofIf you are thinking about going solar, you should consider a few different things beforehand. These are some questions you might want to ask such as how many solar panels you will need. The answers to these questions could help you decide if you truly want to go solar or not.

Will I Need to Have the Panels Installed on the Roof?

One thing you have likely noticed is that many homeowners have their solar panels installed on the roof. You might want to know if you would need to get these panels installed on your roof, too. However, it all depends on the size of your roof. If you have a small roof or if your roof is not the ideal position, you could get solar panels installed on the ground instead.

How Big of a Roof Do I Need to Have?

If you would rather have the panels installed on the roof instead of the ground, you should make sure that your roof is at least 400 square feet. If not, you will need to talk to the installers about your options.

What Is the Difference Between Grid-Tied and Off-Grid Solar?

Grid-tied systems include the use of solar panels, but these systems also work with the electrical grid. The electrical grid is often used as a backup source of energy when it is needed. Homeowners with grid-tied systems would rely on both their solar panels and the electrical grid to get power in the home.

An off-grid solar system means you are relying solely on your solar panels for electricity in the home. You are not relying on any electricity that comes from the utility company. Many homeowners like the idea of having an off-grid solar panel system because they do not want to deal with costly electricity bills that come from the utility company. Instead of relying on a utility company, they are receiving their electricity from a renewable source.

How Much Do Solar Panels Cost?

The cost of solar panels will vary. Solar tax credits are available to make the process of switching to solar energy a bit more affordable. It can cost up to $14,000 for the solar panels and the full installation of the system that homeowners would need to use to completely begin relying on solar panels for the home. While this may seem like a high amount to some, it is worth the investment because of the savings that will come from making the switch over time.

Solar Panel Costs by State

StateStarting cost for 6-kW systemAverage cost per watt2020 federal tax credit value (26%)2021 federal tax credit value (22%)
New Hampshire$17,460$2.83$4,540$3,841
New Jersey$14,520$2.77$3,775$3,194
New Mexico$16,680$2.44$4,337$3,670
New York$15,900$2.86$4,134$3,498
North Carolina$14,040$2.49$3,650$3,089
North Dakota$13,555$2.42$3,524$2,982
Rhode Island$16,200$2.69$4,212$3,564
Sourth Carolina$16,500$2.62$4,290$3,630
South Dakota$13,535$2.39$3,519$2,978
West Virgina$14,763$2.64$3,838$3,248

Starting cost for 6-kW system is before tax credits, according to EnergySage and Solar Reviews

Average cost per watt is according to Solar Reviews

How Much Can I Save on My Energy Bills with Solar Power?

You can save a lot of money by relying solely on solar power. While the exact savings will vary from one household to the next based on location and usage, most homeowners will save around $400 each year by going solar. However, some homeowners will save up to $2000 a year on their energy bills. Being able to save thousands of dollars is often convenient for homeowners and makes them more excited about making the switch. If you are relying on solar power, you are not going to receive those incredibly high utility bills that come along with the hot weather and the cold weather.

What Are the Different Types of Solar Panels?

When thinking about investing in a solar panel for your home or a portable solar panel, it’s imperative to conduct thorough research. Go for a panel that will meet your energy needs. There are three common types of solar panels to choose from, each made in a unique way and with different features. They are:

Monocrystalline Silicon Panels

Also known as single-crystalline cells, monocrystalline silicon panels are made from pure silicon. Silicon is used to produce long rods, which are then cut into wafers that produce solar cells.

Monocrystalline silicon panels produce the highest efficiency ratings of around 17-22%. You can identify this panel by the shapes of the square-shaped wafers, which appear pure black and are aesthetically pleasing.

Polycrystalline Silicon Panels

Also referred to as multi-crystalline panels, polycrystalline silicon panels are standard among homeowners on a budget. They are less efficient than monocrystalline silicon panels.

Polycrystalline silicon panels appear blue when installed and have an efficiency rating of 15-17%. They produce slightly less energy than monocrystalline silicon panels. These panels are produced from silicon crystals that are cut into wafers to produce PV cells.

Thin-film Solar Cell Technology

Thin-film solar cell technology panels are completely different from polycrystalline silicon panels and monocrystalline silicon panels as they don’t contain any silicon cell outlines. Thin-film solar cell technology uses a substrate of plastic, metal, or glass.

These materials make the panels lightweight and flexible. The efficiency of thin-film cells ranges between 10-13%. They come in either black or blue hues and are common in industrial setups.

What Is Solar Array?

The solar array is a type of system that you can choose when deciding to go solar. It consists of multiple solar panels that are put together to provide enough power to the property. Most homeowners would need an array that consists of up to 20 solar panels. The exact number of panels needed to form the solar array for a homeowner would depend on various factors, including the size of the home.

What Are the Parts of a Solar Energy System?

A solar energy system consists of several essential parts. These parts work together to provide power to a home and would include:

Solar Energy

Solar panels

The solar panels are the most obvious and important part of the solar power system. The panels soak up the light from the sun. You can usually find them on rooftops, but there are times when homeowners have them installed on the ground.

Mounting System

To get as much electricity as possible, multiple solar panels must be installed together to form a solar array. The mounting racks keep these panels together.


Just like the solar panels, the inverter plays an important role in producing solar energy. It converts the direct current into the alternating current to bring electricity to the home.

Backup System

Those that do not rely on the electrical grid can benefit from having a backup system consisting of a generator that would produce power when it is needed. The only time this system would be used is when weather conditions are poor and the sun has not been out for a while.


You should have solar batteries for your system to ensure that you do not run out of power, even when it is dark outside. After all, you need to have light and heat after the sun goes down.

These are several of the important parts that work together to produce solar energy.

Solar Panels Vs. Solar Roof Tiles

Over the past several years, there has been more of a buzz over solar roof tiles. While solar panels were traditionally offered, homeowners now have the option of getting solar roof tiles if they want them. Before deciding if you would prefer panels or roof tiles, you should know a bit more about these options.

Solar roof tiles are meant to help homeowners conserve energy and save money while increasing the value of their properties. Much like the solar panels, the solar shingles would rely on an inverter to produce solar power while remaining connected to the electric grid as a backup source. However, solar roof tiles tend to cost more money than traditional solar panels. Not only do they cost a bit more than the panels, but they are simply not as efficient. The solar roof tiles can still help you save money, but you will enjoy bigger and better savings when you choose to get the traditional solar panels installed on your home.

How to Choose the Right Solar Panel Installer

Solar Panel InstallerIf you are ready to go solar, you need to find an experienced solar panel installer to complete the job. When solar panels are not installed correctly, they are not going to do the job they were intended to do, so you need to make sure things get done the right way. The first step to finding the right solar panel installer involves finding providers in your area. You can make your list of several providers that have experience helping homeowners with the process of going solar.

After finding a few installers, it is time for you to dig deep and do some serious research. Check out the websites of the installers to see what they are saying about solar power systems and the options they offer to their clients. View pictures of their work. Contact the installers directly to ask questions and get a better feel for the type of customer service they provide. You should search for the names of the companies on Google to see if you can find any reviews that other people wrote.

It is also wise to ask if the installers provide financing options for you. Rather than paying for the solar panels and installation at once, you might be able to pay for everything in increments to save money while still converting to solar power. If you do enough research, you will find a reliable installer to help you with making the change. The installer can let you know how long the installation process will take while keeping you informed of everything that is going on throughout the process.