What Are Solar Panels?
Solar panels are the mechanisms that help turn solar energy into electrical energy. Every solar panel contains smaller solar cells that power the production of photovoltaic energy. Furthermore, these panels convert the light produced by the sun containing photons which are particles of energy.
This pure energy passes through the solar cells and produces electrical loads. These panels have a flat surface with a dark bluish color which helps attract absorption of sunlight in its unit.
The surface of a solar panel usually has a glass cover that helps in developing renewable energy.
Most solar panels possess the following in their anatomy:
- Silicon layers
- Conducting strips
- Metal backing
- Anti-reflective layers
- Glass frames
When the manufacturers combine these elements, you will get a photovoltaic module. Moreover, a solar panel is an amalgamation of cells installed on a framework for optimal efficiency.
When the sun falls on this panel, it absorbs that energy and turns it into a direct electrical current.
In collecting solar panels together, you will get a system of photovoltaic panels, which is referred to as an array. Ideally, an array will weigh 40 pounds, making it 2.8 pounds for every square foot.
For solar panels to work efficiently, you need to place them in direct contact with sunlight.
What Are the Benefits of Solar Panels?
Did you know that solar panels in Bradford, PA have numerous applications that can help save this planet?
Utilizing sunlight and producing energy. Indeed, the most important benefit is having an off-grid livelihood.
It means that you will be living in homes that do not have the usual electrical utility grid services. Therefore, remote cabins would benefit from solar panels.
This way, you can reduce electric utility installation fees from a nearby grid access point.
Solar-powered electrical systems will have minimized expenses in the long run if you keep them maintained. In addition, you will access renewable and clean energy through the power of solar.
You will be benefiting the climate by minimizing the use of fossil fuels and depleting or polluting the world. Solar panels only need little maintenance, unlike the conventional source.
To top it all off, the lifespan of solar panels can be up to 20 years past the installation phase. Therefore, if you keep the quality of the systems effective, power generation will be free for years.
Solar panels can be a great addition to your home and work well with commercial usages.
It does possess not only an environment-friendly application but also a cost-effective one. By installing solar panels, you are minimizing the production of non-renewable energy. Along with this, you are saving up on money.
Solar panels can help fight climate change because they are:
- Environment friendly
How Do Solar Panels Work?
In their basic form, these panels acquire clean energy from the sun and convert it into electricity. Moreover, this renewable energy can power electrical loads only due to solar panels. But how is that possible?
The design of a solar panel houses elements that eat the sunlight's photons to create electrons and atoms.
The electrons get freed into the solar cell, move around, and eventually make their way to the metal conductor. This conductor has plates located on both sides of the solar panel. Consequently, these electrons come back to the solar cells and initiate a loop that charges the battery.
All of this is possible due to the negative and positive charges housed in the solar panels.
The individual solar cells have phosphorous, which acts as the negatively charged side, and boron acting as the positively charged side. Therefore, when this part gets exposed to electrons, the layers of silicon charge up in the solar cells. It gets converted into photons which generate the electric current used to power other machines.
It happens because these photons encourage the solar panel surface to knock out the electrons from the atomic orbit. Due to this, it gets released, which creates an electric field in the solar cells.
Then, these electrons become free and start to possess a directional current.
The entire process involving the photons, electrons, and electric charges is called the photovoltaic effect.
Are Solar Panels in Bradford Worth it?
There are numerous reasons to install solar panels in Bradford, PA. For example, the increasing cost of living and electricity bill should influence residents and businesses to choose photovoltaic energy. However, your location and solar panel usage will determine the cost-effectiveness.
The rate of electricity is volatile, depending on your location. So, you need not be influenced by the popularity of solar power.
There are some detailed analyses that you can do to determine whether installing solar panels would be worth it or not.
||The monthly energy bill and statement.||If you have a high electricity bill, then installing solar panels will eliminate this cost.
||The charges shown on your statement might be volatile and are determined by usage.
||Building's orientation and shade.
||Having greater access to the sun will allow you to harness it better and produce enough electric current.
||If you live in hilly and cloudy areas, the solar efficiency will be minimized, irrespective of your building orientation.
||The estimated amount to be spent on solar panel installation.
||Usually, the installation cost is worth it because of the prolonged savings you will acquire.
||Installation costs depend on your building requirements; hence they will vary indefinitely.
Based on these important considerations, you can now determine whether installing solar panels are worth it.
For example, if you live in state with a lot of sunlight hours, your building will automatically receive enough sunlight for a solar project to work. But you need to consider the cost of installation and the amount of electricity bill you get every month. Only then can you decide on installing solar panels.
Similarly, getting a solar panel installed in Seattle might not be a great idea if you fail to receive adequate sunlight.
Indeed, getting solar panels can be a subjective question that depends on a lot of factors.
How Much Do Solar Panels Cost in Bradford?
The cost of buying a solar panel and installing it will vary from state to state. Initially, the prices were incredibly high, which made it impossible for people to acquire. However, the rise in production and demand substantially decreased solar panel prices in the last few years.
After installing them, you will get tax credit and incentives from the federal government.
To put it into perspective, consider Arizona is where you require a solar panel installation. Then, a 6kW solar panel will have a starting price of $13,680, translating to an average cost of $2.67 per watt.
On this, you will get a 22% tax credit as of 2021, which amounts to a $3,010 value. In addition, Arizona produces 12.12 cents per kW hour which makes solar panel installation effective.
Due to this value, you will take advantage of the clean energy program to reduce upfront expenditure.
Even so, the Center of Sustainable Energy suggests an average installation cost. They believe that the solar panel cost is $15,000 to $25,000, depending on your location and usages.
Based on their findings, you can estimate that the average residential 5kW solar panels will have a $3 to $5 per wattage cost. However, this amount is before the calculation of tax credit and incentives from the government.
To put it into perspective, here is the average breakdown of a 5,000-Watt (5kW) system:
||Federal Tax Credit
|5,000 W multiplied by $4.00/Watt = $20,000
||22% multiplied by $20,000 = $4,400
|Total payable amount after deducting tax credit = $15,600
Depending on the utility and your state, you might even get access to incentives for changing to solar energy.
The final PV system you want to install will have different prices depending on the factors like:
- Size of the solar panels
- Configuration options
- Components used
- Cost of installation
- Local permits
Based on the final price, there will be a deduction from incentives and tax credits too!
How Much Do Solar Panels Save in Bradford?
Solar panels are prone to fluctuations because their workability depends on:
- Amount of direct sunlight received
- The size of the solar panels
- The angle at which the panels were installed
- The rate of electricity in your locality
These factors will determine the effectiveness of the solar panel's cost savings. As mentioned earlier, your energy bill can reflect a lot of information related to solar energy.
On average, an American household will spend $1,500 every year on standard electricity costs. Even though installing a solar panel in Bradford will cost thrice of that amount, the long-term cost will be less. Moreover, solar energy can feed all your requirements and have 100% effectiveness.
It translates to a potential savings of $100 per month. Consequently, if your energy bill is close to that average cost, the solar panels will bring in ROI in less than ten years.
Even with the fluctuations in utility rates, solar power generation will not be affected.
You will have access to singular electricity from solar panels without contributing to fossil fuel consumption. In addition, if you maintain your solar panels, they can last for up to 25 years, bringing in ROI tenfold!
You get free energy for 15 years without impacting the environment or paying for it every month.
What Are Solar Panels Made of?
As mentioned earlier, solar panels have silicon layers with metal backing and conducting strips. However, there is more to its construction than just these basic elements and glass frames.
|Silicon cells||Acts as a semiconductor that converts sunlight into electric energy.|
|Aluminum metal frames||Protects against dangerous weather and mount it properly in the desired location.|
|Glass sheet||A thickness of 6 to 7 mm ensures the protection of the silicon cells.|
|12V wire||A standard element that regulates the energy transfer and ensures a sustainable module.|
|Bus wires||Helps connect the parallel solar cells and carries the electrical current generation to the battery.|
|Quantum dots||These are the tiny particles that process the effectiveness of silicon cells.|
By using these elements, manufacturers use a delicate and sophisticated process to ensure the perfect construction.
How Much Electricity Do Solar Panels Produce?
Every solar panel will have a different production of electricity. Moreover, the usage and sunlight exposure will determine its efficiency.
|Residential solar panels||1kW to 4kW 250 watts to 400 watts per hour|
|Commercial solar panels||Up to 10kW 470 watts per hour|
Solar panels have become 20% more efficient than they were a few years ago. Therefore, the average calculation of solar panel electricity production would be:
- Average US requirement for solar energy – 6.62kW (system size)
- Each year household production – 9,000kWh
- Ideal sunny conditions – 320 watts of solar electricity (wattage/panel)
From here, if you divide the system size by the per panel wattage, you will get 20.69, which is the equivalent of 21 solar panels.
What is the Solar Panel Installation Process?
We offer intricate installation and activation services in Bradford, PA. Our high-quality services include processes like:
||What We Do
||Why We Do it
|Site assessment and analysis||Our team of contractors will go on-site and determine the state and analyze the course of action. We will prune unnecessary obstacles to ensure proper access to sunlight.||This step helps us understand the situation better and determine the unique attributes of your building to defuse the hindrance.|
|Permits and documents||After determining the design and actionable course, we will submit the draft to your local government. Our team knows the permitting process.||It ensures that the regional verification and regulations are met, and your permit is authentic and legal.|
|Installation process||Our contractors will start the work after getting acknowledgment and freeing obstacles. We will install wiring, mount the equipment and place the solar panels facing direct sunlight.||We utilize intricate and sophisticated installation processes to ensure the proper efficiency of your solar panels and the longevity of the structure.|
After completing our work, a government representative will inspect the installation. In some cases, they might install a meter that feeds the excess power into the electrical grid.
After you have gotten the green light and all our efforts have been approved, you activate your solar panels by flipping a switch.
How Long Does a Solar PV Installation Take?
|Analysis||1 to 4 weeks|
|Permitting||2 to 8 weeks|
|Installation||1 to 7 days|
|Inspection||2 to 3 weeks|